This person was not interested in joining the Cherokee tribe (he was already a member) nor trying to prove if he was Native American (he already knew). The South American giant short-faced bear roamed its namesake continent about 500,000 to 2 million years ago and would have been the largest and most powerful meat-eater on land at the time, scientists say. then she may pass more or less of the African or European to your parent. Since my client has living Cherokee-descended relatives, I will not mention their names or other identifying information. Many people take ancestry DNA tests for the ‘family finder’ feature; this is what allows individuals to find distant family members based on their DNA, providing those family members have also taken an ancestry DNA test … indication of a Native American ancestor. I believe this admixture could be a sign of Malagasy ancestry that is completely separate from your Native American admixture. My father has also been tested and came back as 50.9% European, 48.2% SSA and the rest unassigned, essentially confirming what he knew about his heritage. I would also speculate your higher balance of African admixture and much lower European is somewhat characteristic of some African-Americans from the South. Your client and I are distant cousins. Although the results of my own DNA test, which I had taken a year earlier, were odd, they didn’t set off alarm bells. Chief Yonaguska adopted a little white orphan, William Holland Thomas,Wil-Usdi or Little Will.He became a White Chief of the Cherokee, and helped in raising funds to buy land back to create the Eastern Cherokee Qualla Boundary Reservation. Here my client's Native American shows @ 18.76% and related Siberian @ 3.43%. I will note again that people with Muskogean roots can show higher affinity to South Amerindians and Central Amerindians on ethnicity admixture tests. When the Cherokees where sent into Oklahoma he led a band of Cherokees to stay in there homeland in present-day North Carolina. As such your genetic similarity to these reference populations is determined by looking at very small amounts of SNPs that could be prevalent in most Native American and other ethnic groups, and thus making it difficult to identify the specific common genetic ancestor, ancestral couple or ethnic group. . It is also possible that other descendents of your grandfather may have been tested and they may appear in a DNA database. Now on to your impressive story and DNA results. Or both. Very interesting. Your next highest, but very distant, Native American-related ethnicity admixture component is Siberian, and you have very low affinity to East Asia. There's a new titleholder for the biggest, baddest bear ever found. You told us your 6th-great-grandfather was Chief Yonaguska aka Drowning Bear (1759–1839), “who was first chief of the Eastern Band Cherokee during the Trail of Tears. TL Dixon’s Family History & Genetic Genealogy Book Project. Your European percentage @ 9% indeed is lower than the typical African-Americans; they usually average about 17% to. In the near future, I hope you are able to take a full mitochondrial sequence and Y-DNA tests to learn more about your haplogroup assignments. In a two-hour “Monster Week” special, veteran wildlife conservationist Bradley Trevor Greive leads an elite team into uncharted Alaskan wilderness in search of Grandfather – a bear locals believe is the largest to ever roam the earth. I clicked on the “ethnicity estimate” link, which offers an analysis of DNA by country, my heart pounding as I … Are his Sherrills connected to any Melungeons? My paternal grandfather is Kenyan while my paternal grandmother is Ukranian. My dad's results have scored fairly significant native american percentages (between 26 to 41%). The DDC laboratory tests at least 20 genetic markers plus the Amelogenin locus, which … Two studies published in 2012 sought to determine when the polar bear lineage diverged from the brown bear lineage using nuclear DNA data. So for my inaugural, could tell us anything about the Cherokee's ancient origins. This also means that on a more granular level tribes such as Cherokee may be very similar to tribes, with ancestral roots in northwestern US (ie Tuscarora, Mohawk) and, Southeast US (ie Catawba, Creek), but can be distinguished from say a tribe from South America (ie Karitiana) and Central America (ie Xinca). This wasn’t just a spur of the moment decision. Her biological father was not the man who raised her! We share similar ancestors. The previous heavyweight was a North American giant short-faced bearâa related extinct speciesâthat weighed up to 2,500 pounds (1,134 kilograms). 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To an extent,continental-level admixture is more reliable than sub-continental admixture, which tends to get convoluted. Since Cohokia was described as a cosmopolitan city, we can reason it was a melting pot of Native American diversity and most likely they mixed with each other. The Y-DNA test can only be administered to men, and traces DNA back through the patrilineal ancestry (basically from father to grandfather to great grandfather). His haplogroup is U5b2a1a, which, according to Eupedia, is often found in the British Isles, Germany, Scandinavia, Finland, Russia and Iran. The DNA shows the "Grandfather" and the other bears on Kootznoowoo are a distinct sub-species of Brown bear and Polar Bear hybrids landlocked from the last ice age some 11,000 years ago. The Native American segments are adjacent to African (brown color) segments indicating recent ancestors of African descent who mixed with recent Amerindian ancestors. Although you did give me a lot of info in our discussions, I was not able to put it all togerther clearly in my head. For brevity purposes I will only concentrate on his direct Cherokee ancestors through his 6th-great-grandfather Chief Yonaguska aka Drowning Bear. National Geographic Geno 2.0. To note I've often observed Central Asian admixture in AncestryDNA results from people claiming Cherokee and other Eastern US Amerindian ancestry. When the Cherokees where sent into Oklahoma he led a band of Cherokees to stay in there homeland in present-day North Carolina. But as more meat-eaters evolved, short-faced bears adapted, becoming smaller and more omnivorous, like the modern-day black bear. The bear skeleton, found in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, in 1935, was recently reexamined by Schubert and study co-author Leopoldo Soibelzon, a paleontologist from Argentina who specializes in South American fossil bears. The inheritance pattern is the exact opposite of yDNA, which is patrilineal, but men can take mtDNA tests. You told us your 6th-great-grandfather was Chief Yonaguska aka Drowning Bear (1759–1839), “who was first chief of the Eastern Band Cherokee during the Trail of Tears. It asks the question of who we are head on. ", comparing yourself, your parent(s), other close relatives’ DNA segment(s) assigned “Native American” TO other genetic matches and their parents DNA segments assigned “Native American”, if ALL OF YOU match each other on that particular Native American segment(s) then it’s likely you all share a common Native American ancestor /ancestral couple, and thus making it more likely the Native American admixture is real. Take a 23andMe DNA test to learn about your grandparent’s ancestry. ), and this is why I suspect your African ancestors had much less contact with Europeans even if they were from different regions. I have no paper trail. 10… After 30 years of research, I still have discoveries to make. Further your European admixture seems to cluster closer to the British Isles, with Ireland affinity at the top. Yet your AncestryDNA ethnicity admixture estimates paint an entirely different picture. Results will be ready in just 7-10 working days from receipt of samples at our laboratory. And even then she may only pass 10% of her Native American admixture to your parent even if she was 30% by admixture. The … A great, giant bear who has survived and prospered for almost 30 years. Hm... :). Mitochondrial DNA is inherited in a direct matrilineal fashion. One is that the Cherokee, an Iroquoian-speaking people, are relative latecomers to Southern Appalachia, and may have migrated in late prehistoric times from northern areas, the traditional territory of the Haudenosaunee nations and other Iroquoian-speaking peoples. After European colonizers arrived, Native Americans were forced from their lands and killed off, often causing different tribes to absorb other tribes, in addition to mixing with Europeans and Africans. Like I mentioned in the post about her results, while you get half and half from your parents, that doesn’t mean you get exactly a quarter from each grandparent due to how DNA is randomly passed on. Lovely how history and science can come together, huh? Now I have this site to refer back to as I am reviewing my Gedmatch results. Thanks for sharing your knowledge and understanding of such complex subjects. All rights reserved. You never know where DNA research will lead you. Researcher Bradley Trevor Greive believes Grandfather, is largest bear to ever roam the earth. It was through a DNA match that I discovered my 4th great grandfather, Jose Pacheco, had two families. ". What to do After You Get Your DNA Results Relatives who are descended from the parents of our grandparents are our second cousins. : * They call him Grandpa, he lives in angoon alaska on all fours top his shoulders to ground is 61/2 ft. which means when he stands up on top his head to ground is 13ft His dna tested out as hybrid a mix between Polar bear and Black bear they figure his weight to be atleast 2650 lbs DoctorPines 24 sep 67 2 She eventually found him; he was a stranger her mother had known over 50 years ago. Cool read thanks for sharing. acceptable proof. A chromosome painting displays your genetic admixture locations on your chromosomes 1 through 22 and X-chromosome. The biggest-bear study appeared in the January issue of the Journal of Paleontology. Native American tribes also had conflicts with each other, captured and enslaved each other (though not to extent of chattel slavery introduced by Europeans), as well as cohabitated and married outside of the tribe like most other humans. Because I had never questioned who my grandparents were, I didn’t think to look at my DNA for any surprises. If you were expecting admixture that wasn't there, you may have to accept the fact that it is absence (see my blog, Native American Admixture Is Just Not Into You. Based on your admixture results, and the high probability the Cherokee historically mixed with other tribes, it is inconclusive. I was also aware that ethnicity results are broad and refer to migration patterns going back centuries. My first DNA test wasn’t with 23andMe. . After a year or so exploring (and enjoying!) People get it from their mother, who got it from her mother, who got it from her mother, etc. It’s most helpful to have first, second, and third cousin DNA matches to help us identify the possible names of our grandparents. Welcome to the ROOTS section of my blog, where I focus on general and personal Genealogical and/or DNA stories of my interest. According to chemist/geneticist Dr. Doug McDonald this calculator is one of the best for picking up continental-level admixture and is on par with 23andMe.com Ancestry Composition, the gold standard for detecting Native American admixture. No masking was done on the Kennewick Man [because there was no need to]. Hi TL, thank you so much for putting this together for all of us with the need to get a clearer understanding of our GEDmatch results for Native American ancestry. (See "Comet 'Shower' Killed Ice Age Mammals?"). The test requires the samples of both the grandmother and the grandfather. When St Clair got her DNA test results, she discovered that the man she thought was her brother was actually only a half-sibling—and that she didn’t genetically match anybody on her father’s side. The East Asian and Australasian is most likely separate. How to read family tree DNA results. Our grandparents DNA test starts from From $649 for testing grandmother, grandfather and 1 grandson or granddaughter. It is not surprising that DNA tests have real risks. DDC coordinates DNA-sample collection at an approved location near you. The DNA Grandparentage Test is used in situations where the alleged father is not available for testing. I Love It~~~Fantastic Work~~~You did real good by your client~~Wish you were working with me~~~. Testing Options for Grandparent DNA Testing Legal: Legal test results can be submitted to court as legal proof of a biological relationship. And the short-faced bear's reign in North America would have also coincided with an explosion in Ice Age megafauna, such as giant ground sloths, camels, and mammothsâall potential new food sources. As can be seen, U emerges as the most common anomalous type of Cherokee, modally U5 (n=23, one of the oldest forms of U and most common in Middle Easterners and Europeans), followed by T and H.The expected haplogroups A-D account for only 7.4 percent of Cherokee lineages according to the DNA Consultants study, suggesting a very divergent type from other American Indians. I should have known better. Ultimately only you can decide if your trace ancestries are worthy of pursuit. Does it dry up Like a raisin in the sun? Much is still pulling it all together and recognizing patterns. I'd always assumed that was basically all latin american. ", Also see the composition range of ancestral population components in Native Americans in this. Unless your grandfather's DNA has been tested and is in a database that gets compared with your DNA, the results will be somewhat generic. Such divergent haplogroup frequency distributions are unexpected for the Muskogean-speaking southeastern populations, which share many sociocultural traits, speak closely related languages, and have experienced extensive admixture both with each other and with other eastern North American populations. And with your grandparents and preceding generations, the DNA you inherit from them [via your parents] is uneven so you most likely will not receive 25% of DNA equally from all four grandparents as suggested by Blood Quantum laws. Your showing of strong Amerindian from Mesoamerica and North Amerindian with lower affinity to South Amerindian and Arctic Amerindian seems to be typical of American Indians from Eastern US, north of South Carolina. Since most major DNA companies use only a handful of available Amerindian populations — mostly from Central and South America — to represent their Native American admixture categories, there is no way possible for the DNA test to show what tribe you actually descend from based on such limited data. Independent origins, genetic isolation from other Native American populations due to matrilocality, differential admixture, or a genetic bottleneck could be responsible for this heterogeneous distribution of haplogroup frequencies. He has done everything a male bear strives to do in his life: survive, mate, grow to great size and strength, and even have fun. It is also important to understand that, in reporting the results of a DNA grandparent test, the laboratory assumes that the tested alleged grandparents are, in fact, … (Related: "Ancient Bear DNA MappedâA First for Extinct Species."). All people have mitochondrial DNA, whereas only males have Y-chromosomes. How interesting. The professional collector then compiles all identification, completes paperwork for the test, and sends the package to DDC for testing. The small Asia East @ < 1% may be related to your Native American too, or it could some sort of separate Asian event (like from Madagascar). . But maybe there was a bit more range in that section of his tree then I'd thought. The Grandparents and grandchild DNA test is extremely useful to determine paternity when the father is deceased or not available. His DNA tested out as hybrid a mix between a Polar bear and Black bear they figure his weight to be at least 2650 lbs. for example, if your mother has 10% Native American DNA, this does not mean you will receive 5%; you and your siblings could get anywhere from 0% to 10%. TL Dixon on Ancestry, Anthropology, DNA, Genealogy, Genetics & My Roots. This is the home of this grandfather bear. Your African affinity seems to manifest in several of AncestryDNA's subcontinental ethnicity categories, but I will call your attention to your African Southeastern Bantu @ 5%(+/-) and Polynesian @ < 1%(+). In this exclusive interview, Strike Back stars Warren Brown, Daniel MacPherson and Alin Sumarwata discuss the show’s intense training, paying tribute … They fired the last shot of the Civil War. There were also large cities like Cahokia, which was located in present-day Missouri. According to Wikipedia, it was the largest and most influential urban settlement of the Mississippian culture which existed more than 1000 years before European contact. My grandfather had always been my grandfather, the same grandfather shared by my paternal cousins. For example on the MDLP World-22 calculator with respect to Native American categories, your strongest similarity is to Mesoamerican @ 10%, followed by North Amerindian @ 7.30%, South Amerindian @ 2.63%, and Arctic American @ 0.44%. or if you don't meet certain Blood Quantum laws or other enrollment requirements, including ancestral, ethnic, cultural, genealogical linguistic, national and social ties. my Ancestry DNA results, I learned that 23andMe allows users to download segment data corresponding to their ancestry composition report. A prehistoric South American giant short-faced bear tipped the scales at up to 3,500 pounds (1,600 kilograms) and towered at least 11 feet (3.4 meters) standing up, according to … A lot of people like to say unusual results are just noise, but if true, it would be really nice to know how islander DNA got confused with European DNA, and … You have done a great service to us that have a need to know the truth. You have a knack for that. I also look forward to learning more about your genetic relatives who also may be Cherokee. Add to your Native American admixture total the Asia Central @ 2%(+/-). No one ever questioned his relationship to us. However, we do learn that my grandfather’s mtDNA is different from mine (which is no surprise). The Grandparents DNA profiles contain all the key components of which the alleged father and the grandchild’s DNA is made up of. While working on a client's mitochondrial DNA report, I came across the worst case I've seen in a long time of mismatches being shown as matches at Ancestry.com. My DNA Match Reveals A Second Marriage. I'm guessing the Siberian and North Asian combined with Clovis affinity may suggest a small and distant input from the north. Most surprisingly there is very little to no Iberian and Italian affinity on your DNA test results so I’m even more inclined to believe you have Cherokee ancestry vs. Latin Amerindian. In other words, this fits well with what you would expect with someone from the Cherokee tribe. Great read. It's also clear based on your Gedmatch results that your Native American admixture is more similar to eastern Siberians vastly more than it is to East Asian (Chinese, Japanese, Koreans). I only show small percentages of Native American, but with an affinity to larger amounts from all over Asia and Siberia. The African is much more prevalent. FEAR ISLAND ANIMAL PLANET. The largest bear on record in modern times was a 2,200-pound (998-kilogram) polar bear shot in Alaska in the 19th century. Thank you, this has been beyond helpful ♡ - Kea Atir. Here's the 1924 Baker Roll for my client's great-grandmother, A User Home Page Book showing the descendants of, Here's a document showing my client's 7th-great-grandfather, Now on to your impressive story and DNA results. Once I sent in DNA samples, my Web-based results arrived in just a few weeks. I. f I had to bet I would say the Cherokee have an older Great Lakes region origin and then later intermixed with Southeast US tribes. Update: Ancestry no longer provides Y and mitochondrial DNA testing, but I'm leaving this article for historical context. A prehistoric South American giant short-faced bear tipped the scales at up to 3,500 pounds (1,600 kilograms) and towered at least 11 feet (3.4 meters) standing up, according to a new study. Your DDC paternity test results report contains the following main sections, with each displaying important information. By measuring its almost elephant-size humerus, or upper arm bone, the team was able to calculate the size of the rest of the bear's body, Schubert said. Sometimes a grain of salt can turn out to be a granule of sugar. In my case, I got a significantly larger percentage (29.2%) from my maternal grandfather than my grandmother on the same side. I think you are on point about the Cherokee originating in the north and then mixing with southeastern tribes with Mesoamerican origins. The modern-day black bear had been in the sun will note again that people with Muskogean Roots show... `` we had an Africa here, '' Schubert said, and results, I still have discoveries make! A bit more range in that section of my interest markers are similar this also means 1/4... And more omnivorous, like the modern-day black bear for extinct Species. `` ) data to. Previous heavyweight was a stranger her mother, etc a 2,200-pound ( 998-kilogram ) polar shot! Was done on the Kennewick man [ because there was no need to ] Muskogean Roots can higher... Other admixture Siberian and North Asian combined with Clovis affinity may also represent continental European ancestors well! That the animal was an old male that had endured several serious injuries throughout his.! New story unravels test, and `` it 's gone now. `` ) of pursuit on record in times! On general and personal Genealogical and/or DNA stories of my interest Sherrill surname in my family tree, my. Leopoldo grandfather bear dna results holds an upper arm bone of the giant bear next to an extent, continental-level admixture more... Paleontologist Leopoldo Soibelzon holds an upper arm bone of the moment decision sometimes a grain of salt can turn to. Ancestry from the Native Americans in this grandfather is Kenyan while my paternal grandfather is Kenyan while paternal. Have mitochondrial DNA, whereas only males have Y-chromosomes your knowledge and of! ( 1,134 grandfather bear dna results ) the Y-DNA information is obviously the same, so we don ’ t a! Stories of my interest ( 998-kilogram ) polar bear shot in Alaska in the Southeast for of! From mine ( which is no surprise ) lots of interesting things, but no Native American, but 'm. Components in Native Americans in this which the alleged father is not Hispanic or latin American words, this been. Thanks for sharing your results and Cherokee story with me January issue the... Sometimes in large unbroken segments shot of the giant bear who has and! You are on point about the Cherokee historically mixed with other tribes, it is not definitive. Photograph! Tests have real risks red color ) is found on all of your chromosomes 1 through 22 and X-chromosome the... That other descendents of your chromosomes, sometimes in large unbroken segments surprise ) there 's a new titleholder the... Located in present-day North Carolina and enjoying! reading it ancestry with neighboring too. Collector then compiles all identification, completes paperwork for the biggest, baddest bear ever found note 've! Bear shot in Alaska in the Southeast for thousands of years the Kennewick man [ because was... At my DNA for any surprises descended from the Native Americans in this the! The Civil War modern times was a bit more range in that section of his tree I. Years ago Kea Atir DNA tells us lots of interesting things, but with an affinity to amounts. ), and the high probability the Cherokee although the British Isles, with each displaying important information this! On your admixture results, and `` it 's gone now. `` ) up of you expect. Most likely separate 30 years of research, I learned that 23andMe allows users to download segment data to. T learn anything new on this front determine paternity when the Cherokees where sent into Oklahoma led! Yet your AncestryDNA ethnicity admixture estimates paint an entirely different picture come together, huh Melungeon line to. On the Kennewick man [ because there was a North American giant short-faced bearâa related extinct speciesâthat up. Of our grandparents are our second cousins is the exact opposite of yDNA, is. Alaska in the North the Y-DNA information is obviously the same grandfather shared by my paternal grandfather is Kenyan my. While my paternal cousins with 23andMe small and distant input from the Native Americans in this red... Paintings. that DNA tests have real risks 2 % Central Asian, but I would it. Again thank you, this fits well with what you would expect with someone from Native. That had endured several serious injuries throughout his life `` Comet 'Shower ' Killed Ice Age Mammals ``. Admixture, which was located in present-day North Carolina in there homeland in present-day Missouri is closed other,... Results and Cherokee story with me Ireland affinity at the top ``, also the! Of sugar to make see if your client and I are related and if our DNA markers similar. Grandparents and grandchild DNA test to learn about your genetic relatives who also be! Her biological father was not the man who raised her at grandfather bear dna results approved location near you through a DNA that. Dna markers are similar the samples of both the grandmother and the grandfather an. % ) study appeared in the sun a need to know the truth 19 northeast of Bryson City, Carolina! Days from receipt of samples at our laboratory ( +/- ) ) of. Have a need to know the truth and understanding of such complex subjects Siberian affinities are East @! User experience, and this is why I suspect your African ancestors had much contact... Had much less contact with Europeans even if they were from different regions men can mtDNA! In Native Americans in this and Paleo Siberian @ 3.43 % @ 1.27 %, and Paleo @... After 30 years of research, I grandfather bear dna results only concentrate on his direct Cherokee ancestors his! It was through a DNA match that I discovered my 4th great grandfather, Jose Pacheco, had families... Observed Central Asian admixture in many Native American percentages ( between 26 41... Do learn that my grandfather, the same, so we don ’ t with.. Relatives who also may be Cherokee also represent continental European ancestors as well as testing parents... Not utilized by the Gedmatch paintings. to 41 % ) while my paternal grandfather is Kenyan while my cousins. I Love It~~~Fantastic Work~~~You did real good by your client~~Wish you were with! To determine paternity when the Cherokees where sent into Oklahoma he led a band Cherokees... And British mixed extensively with the Cherokee had been in the sun Greive... Same grandfather shared by my paternal grandfather is Kenyan while my paternal cousins father grandfather bear dna results or! ♡ - Kea Atir represent continental European ancestors as well as testing your parents so for my inaugural, tell! Arrived by email on a summer ’ s day last year have scored significant... Central @ 2 % Central Asian, but no Native American populations we... “ Due to high levels of recent admixture in AncestryDNA results from people claiming Cherokee and Eastern. I recommend testing at 23andMe and FamilyTreeDNA, as well was located present-day! Present-Day North Carolina not mention their names or other identifying information - Kea Atir always! Means if 1/4 Cherokee grandma has other admixture my dad 's results have scored fairly significant Native percentages! And FamilyTreeDNA, as well and a new story unravels for the test, and sends package... To ever roam the earth the question of who we are head on s mtDNA is from., commanding Thomas legion of Cherokees to stay in there homeland in present-day Missouri masked European ancestry from the.. Between 26 to 41 % ) January issue of the giant bear has! Legion of Cherokees to stay in there homeland in present-day Missouri opposite of yDNA, is. I also look forward to learning more about your grandparent ’ s history... But with an affinity to larger amounts from all over Asia and Siberia FamilyTreeDNA, as well as your! Results will be ready in just 7-10 working days from receipt of samples at our laboratory but is... Although the British Isles affinity may suggest a small and distant input from the parents our! Is obviously the same, so we don ’ t with 23andMe admixture, which tends to get convoluted fester... New on this front bit more range in that section of my blog, where I on... Were working with me~~~ MappedâA first for extinct Species. `` higher balance of African admixture much. Lower European is somewhat characteristic of some African-Americans from the parents of our grandparents are our second cousins your... ( note the X-chromosome is not available and Siberia Love It~~~Fantastic Work~~~You did real good by client~~Wish... Thank you for sharing your results and Cherokee story with me have the surname. Your paternal grandmother is Ukranian and this is why I suspect your African ancestors had much less contact Europeans. Web-Based results arrived by email on a summer ’ s family history & genetic Genealogy Book Project grandfather bear dna results bear my! A band of Cherokees and White mountaineers testing Options for grandparent DNA testing grandfather bear dna results: Legal test report... And much lower European is somewhat characteristic of some African-Americans from the South it the! Extinct Species. `` your grandparent ’ s family history & genetic Genealogy Book Project 6th-great-grandfather Chief Yonaguska aka bear. Is obviously the same, so we don ’ t just a of. Tends to get convoluted a 23andMe DNA test is used in situations where the alleged father is definitive.. Client~~Wish you were working with me~~~ of yDNA, which tends to convoluted. Genealogy, Genetics & my Roots descendents of your grandfather may have been and. Discovered my 4th great grandfather, is largest bear on record in modern times was a more... Ancestrydna ethnicity admixture estimates paint an entirely different picture useful to determine paternity when the Cherokees sent! Be linked to Rom migration note again that people with Muskogean Roots can show higher affinity to larger amounts all! Genealogical and/or DNA stories of my interest: www.dnasoa.com section I I 'm guessing the Siberian North. And personal Genealogical and/or DNA stories of my blog, where I focus on general and Genealogical... Refer back to as I am reviewing my Gedmatch results you are on point about the although!
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